Using a script to backup your website and database to DreamObjects

Using a simple shell script, you can automate website and database backups to DreamObjects. This script does the following:

  • dumps a database in the format "mm-dd-yyyy_db-name_.sql" to the directory "/home/username/backup/”
  • uploads the database to your DreamObjects bucket
  • zips your website directory in the format of "" to the directory "/home/username/backup/”
  • uploads the website .zip file to DreamObjects
  • deletes the database and website zip file on the web server to conserve space

Step 1 — Setting up your DreamObjects bucket

  1. View the following article to create a DreamObjects account, add a user, and create a bucket.
  2. On the DreamObjects page, locate the User that contains the bucket you wish to work with, then click the View Objects button.

    The available buckets appear in the following window:

  3. Select the bucket you wish to upload objects to.
  4. Click the 'Add Folder' link and add a new folder called 'backups'. This folder will be used to upload your website and database backups.

Step 3 — Creating the backup script

  1. Log into your server via SSH.
  2. Create a new directory named 'backup' in your user's home directory.
    [server]$ mkdir ~/backup
  3. In this directory, create a file named Make sure to change to the site you're backing up.
    [server]$ touch ~/backup/
  4. In the script below, you must fill in the first six variables that are highlighted:
    • domains — The script uses this field to create a directory under $HOME/backups/. This is the directory that will store your database and website files, so make sure it's named the same as your domain name.
    • sqldbs — The name of your database.
    • opath — The directory you want to back up to.
    • mysqlhost — Your MySQL database hostname.
    • username — Your MySQL username.
    • password — Your MySQL password.
    • webdir — This is the path to your web directory. Change the domain name to your site.
    • bucket-name — The name of the DreamObjects bucket you're backing up to.
    • — This is the name of your backup file in your $HOME/backup directory.
  5. Add the following code to this file. Make sure to update any code that's bold.
    domain=( )
    sqldb=( your-db-name )
    webdir=$HOME/ today=$(date +%m-%d-%Y) for (( i = 0; i < ${#domain[@]}; i++)) do cpath=$opath${domain[$i]} if [ -d $cpath ] then filler="just some action to prevent syntax error" else echo Creating $cpath mkdir -p $cpath fi mysqldump -c -h $mysqlhost --user $username --password=$password ${sqldb[$i]} > ${cpath}/"$today"_${sqldb[$i]}.sql zip -r ${cpath}/"$today"_"$domain".zip $webdir done #use aws-cli to upload to DreamObjects aws --endpoint-url s3 sync $opath s3://bucket-name/backups/ --exclude "$opath" #delete backup from web server find $HOME/backup/* -type d -exec rm -rf {} \; 2> /dev/null

The above code backs up your database and website files to your DreamObjects bucket inside a folder named /backups.

Step 3 — Install aws-cli

aws-cli is a command line client that allows you to manage your DreamObjects data. To install, you'll need to create a Python virtual environment. In that, you can install aws-cli.

View the following article for instructions on how to install and configure aws-cli for your bucket.

Step 4 — Running the file

Running it manually

After activating your virtual environment, you can run the file manually with the following command:

(my-user-bucket) sh ~/backup/

Running it with a cron job

You can also create a cron job to run this automatically at specific times. To do this, create a new file named something like '' with the following code.

Make sure to change 'my-user-bucket' to the name of your virtual environment, and to the name of your backup file.

source ~/my-user-bucket/bin/activate
sh ~/backup/

View the How do I create a cron job? article to create your cron job. In the text box, enter the following command (change the username to your Shell user).

/bin/bash /home/username/

See also

External links

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Article last updated PST.